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Camera Movement

The Camera and Its Moves


For studio use the entire camera assembly is mounted on a pedestal or dolly (shown here) so it can be smoothly rolled around the studio floor. The camera is directly attached to a pan head so that the pan and tilt (horizontal and vertical) camera movements can be adjusted.

Controls on the pan head allow the camera to freely move, be locked into position, or to offer a bit of resistance to facilitate smooth pans and tilts.

The large ring below the pan head (in the center of the pedestal mount) is used for three things: for steering the three wheels in the pedestal base, for adjusting the height of the camera (booming up or down), and for locking the vertical movement of the camera. Controls for focusing and zooming are attached to the left and right handlebars respectively.

When the entire camera is moved (rolled) toward or away from the subject it's referred to as a dolly ("dolly in for a close shot," or "dolly back for a wide shot").

A lateral move (rolling the camera to the left or right on the pedestal) is referred to as trucking, as in "truck left" or "truck right."

And, finally, you'll recall that a zoom optically achieves somewhat the same effect as a dolly without having to move the entire camera.


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